If you have a small apartment, the first question to ask is what kinds of vegetables can you grow on your balcony? It’s not always easy to find the right plants for your balcony, but with some research, you can find a number of vegetables that will thrive despite having less than half a day of direct sunlight. Here are some tips that will help you choose the right plants for your balcony.
Plants That Thrive in Less Than a Half-Day of Sun
You can plant houseplants that need a low amount of sunlight on your apartment balcony. While the foliage of ferns and other shady plants may burn and scorch in the sun, they are also adaptable to other kinds of shade. Choose a plant that can tolerate partial shade or has silver foliage so it can reflect light more effectively. Then, enjoy your plants on your sunny balcony during the summer.
In a semi-shady spot, plant bunching onions and leaf lettuce. For more sunlight, grow peppers in a pot. Radishes need three to four hours of sunlight and can be harvested every 4 weeks up to Thanksgiving. Squash needs at least a half-day of sunlight and can be grown in two-gallon containers with other bush-type plants. Swiss chard is a good choice for less light-loving apartment balconies, but watch out for unwanted insects!
If you’re short on space, you can also grow a sweet alyssum plant in a pot. These plants can tolerate partial shade but need more light for their blooms. They require regular watering to maintain a vibrant display. They also attract pollinators and are easy to care for. And if you haven’t gotten around to purchasing a flowering plant, you can opt for a dwarf variety. You can also try dwarf mountain pines, which have compact, rounded shapes. The foliage will be a little drier than the foliage, but it can grow up to 12 inches tall.
Another low-maintenance plant that can look beautiful on your balcony is a marigold. The bright and colorful flowers will keep pests away, and their leaves will add texture to your balcony. Marigolds, in particular, will look great on your apartment balcony if planted in containers. These plants will also attract pollinators and reduce the number of pests on your balcony.
Fortunately, there are many types of plants that do well in a variety of different conditions. The good news is that most plants have a range of sun exposure requirements, giving you more flexibility to choose the right plant for the right place. In addition, you can also select plants that need as little as a half-day of sunlight as possible if you’re confined to an apartment balcony.
Full sun refers to areas that receive direct sunlight from dawn to dusk. Then there are those that need shade, including many herbs. Full-sun plants can handle intense summer sun and should be planted in a sunny location. But, in order to maintain a healthy environment, you should add a two to three-inch layer of mulch to help conserve moisture and keep the roots cool.
Plants That Grow Well in Containers
If you want to create a colorful container garden, choose a plant that requires little care and will flourish in partial shade. A hibiscus is a great choice because of its bright blooms and easy maintenance. This plant is easy to grow and requires little more than regular watering to keep them healthy. Succulents also make excellent container plants because they require very little care and will thrive in a variety of conditions. Many succulents are tolerant of part shade and need well-drained soil.
Begonias are another good choice. They come in a variety of colors and some varieties produce beautiful flowers while others are grown solely for their foliage. Whatever type you choose, all begonia plants make excellent container garden plants. The soil must be well-drained and slightly moist. Begonias require some amount of partial shade but can tolerate full sun with adequate drainage. Other plants that grow well in containers include Japanese Pieris and elephant ears. These plants will bloom late in the summer and are hard to frost.
Onions and garlic are excellent companion plants for vegetables and other herbs. Green onions and bulbing onions both need a container with at least six inches of depth to grow properly. Garlic is another good choice for containers. Even small containers can support a garlic plant, and both can grow well in containers. Depending on their type, they may require a deeper container. However, they’re very useful as companion plants in a container garden.
Plants That Thrive in High Winds
When a plant is exposed to high winds, it needs to adapt to survive. Some plants are adapted to grow in extreme climates while others have adapted to a more humid climate. Many plants can’t survive frost, heat, or extreme salinity, but these resilient plants are able to adapt to the wind and grow in their natural habitat. Wind resistant plants can withstand several kilometers of wind without a problem.
To plant a garden in a coastal climate, choose plants that tolerate strong winds. Choose ground-hugging species that are less likely to snap and crack in the wind. Ground-hugging plants include gazania, African daisy, pigface, ice plant, sedum, and prostrate conifers like shore juniper. Plants that grow in windy areas can also include trailing natives such as golden guinea flowers and ornamental grasses.
Choosing the right plants for windy locations is not always easy. Windy places present many challenges for gardeners. Usually, the problem is found near the coast, where little shelter is available for the plants. However, gardens located on hillsides often face wind problems. Wind can be unpredictable and can be particularly difficult for plants that don’t have adequate shelter. Knowing your site and knowing the plants that will flourish best in these conditions is key.
When choosing a suitable place for a garden, it’s important to consider the type of environment. Strong winds will disrupt the soil-root relationship and can stunt plant growth. Furthermore, wind-blown plants require more water. Regardless of the season, high winds can cause physical damage to plants and can make them die. And strong winds can even cause hurricanes. If the wind is very strong, the temperature can drop dramatically around the plant, causing it to suffer water stress.
Another plant to consider for windy locations is the Salt Cedar. This evergreen shrub is native to the Mediterranean basin and grows on damp banks. The leaves of the plant are lanceolate and the stems are thin. This plant requires regular watering. It has thin whip-like branches, and it is a popular plant for windy gardens. You can use this shrub as a windbreak hedge in a windy area of the garden.
Trees that are adapted to windy conditions are generally drought-resistant and aggressive. This makes them great for windy coastal gardens. Perennial sedums, also known as stonecrops, are excellent for coastal locations. Their deep, waxy flesh makes them more resistant to wind. They have extensive root systems and are good for coastal gardens. They also tolerate varying soil pH levels. But be sure to choose the right species for the location.